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Glossary (Environment)

In alphabetical order

In alphabetical order

Act on the Rational Use of Energy

This act, commonly known as the "energy conservation law" (enforced in Japan in 1979), aims to implement the measures required for the rational use of energy with regard to factories; buildings; machinery and equipment; transportation, etc. and thereby contribute to the sound development of the national economy.

Biodiversity

Variation and interrelation of living things
The Convention on Biological Diversity concluded in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 defines diversity on three levels: ecosystem, species, and genetic.

BOD

Short for "biochemical oxygen demand"
BOD is used as an index that shows the level of water pollution caused by organic compounds. Specifically, BOD is the amount of oxygen (mg/L) needed by aerobic biological organisms in a body of water to break down organic compounds through oxidative decomposition.

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Brother Earth

(a Brother term)

Brother Earth

Logo and slogan (established in 2010) that symbolize the Brother Group's environmental activities.
The Brother Group's environmental activities are publicized worldwide under the unifying message of "Working with you for a better environment."

Brother eco point program

(a Brother term)

To raise the environmental awareness of employees and thus help prevent global warming, eco points are awarded for eco-conscious actions by employees and their families. Eco points are also awarded for used consumables collected from customers. Brother carries out various environmental contribution activities depending on the number of points earned.

Brother Green Label

(a Brother term)

Brother's unique environmental label (created in October 2001, revised in February 2007). Brother Industries, Ltd. awards the label to products that meet voluntary environmental standards (Brother Green Label standards) for products.

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CDP (former name: Carbon Disclosure Project)

An international NPO headquartered in London, U.K.
Since 2003, CDP has been working with institutional investors to request major companies worldwide to disclose information about business risks associated with climate change, business opportunities, greenhouse gas emissions, etc. CDP evaluates the collected information and publicizes the results.

CEPA

Short for "Canadian Environmental Protection Act"
CEPA is an act that regulates evaluation and management of chemical substances in Canada. Enforced in 1994, CEPA aims to ensure safety of environment and safety of the effect of environment to human bodies by management of chemical substances and organisms.

Click for the Earth

(a Brother term)

One of Brother's environmental conservation activities that Brother provides for with stakeholders
Each visitor is encouraged to choose one activity to support and click the "Donate" button. Brother will make a donation of one yen per click on each visitor's behalf.
Your click will help to regenerate forests and to stop desertification.

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COD

Short for "chemical oxygen demand"
COD is used as an index that shows the level of water pollution caused by organic compounds. COD refers to the amount of oxygen (mg/L) consumed when organic compounds in a body of water are chemically decomposed by oxidizing agents (potassium permanganate or potassium dichromate).

COP10

Short for the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP10) that was held in Nagoya, Aichi. At COP10, the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 (commonly known as the Aichi Biodiversity Targets) was adopted to take effective and urgent action to halt the loss of biodiversity.

Eco Declaration (ECMA370)

The Eco Declaration is a standardized format and system for disclosing the environmental characteristics of electric home appliances (including fax machines and All-in-Ones) in Europe. The Eco Declaration is useful for comparing two or more products.

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E-learning

Learning/education and training using the Internet (or an intranet)

Electrodeless lamp

Electrodeless lamps are characterized by long service life, excellent energy-saving performance, and low heat output. Thus, electrodeless lamps help reduce air-conditioning loads and running costs (including lamp replacement).

Emissions

Substances emitted or released primarily into the atmosphere

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Environmental accounting

A mechanism that enables companies etc., to realize the cost of environmental conservation in business operations and the effect derived from the activities, and to conduct measurements and make reports as quantitatively as possible (in monetary or physical units), in pursuit of sustainable development.

Environmental Information System

(a Brother term)

The Brother Group established its proprietary environmental information system in cooperation with suppliers to investigate, avoid the use of, and manage chemical substances contained in products. The Environmental Information System has been improved to quickly comply with laws and regulations in respective countries.

Environmental management system

A mechanism (e.g. a framework, or a procedure) that enables organizations to set and achieve their environmental policies and targets in promoting voluntary environmental conservation activities.

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ErP Directive (a framework to set ecological design requirements for energy-related products)

ErP is short for "Energy-related Products."
The ErP Directive (enforced in 2005, revised in 2009) establishes a framework for the eco-conscious design of energy-related products, such as air conditioners and refrigerators sold in the EU, to help prevent global warming.

FSC

Short for "Forest Stewardship Council"
FSC is an international organization that promotes responsible management of forests and certifies distribution and processing of timber from forests as well as timber-producing forests themselves.

Green procurement

Before products and services are purchased, the need for the purchase should be fully considered. If the purchase is necessary, products and services with minimal environmental impact should preferentially be purchased, without focusing solely on price and quality. This concept is called "green purchase." Green procurement refers to procurement of products and services based on the concept of green purchase.

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ISO 14001

An international standard for environmental management system established by the ISO (International Organization for Standardization) (published in 1996).

ISO 14064

An international standard established by the ISO (International Organization for Standardization) regarding calculation, reporting, and verification of GHG (greenhouse gas) emission reductions in organizations and projects (published in 2006).

JIG

Short for "Joint Industry Guide for Material Composition Declaration for Electronic Products"
JIG (published in 2005) are the common guidelines applicable in Japan, the U.S., and Europe regarding disclosure of information about chemical substances contained in electrical and electronic equipment. The guidelines aim to increase the efficiency of the process for investigating chemical substances.

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LCA

Short for "life cycle assessment"
A technique for quantitatively evaluating resource input and environmental impact in the product lifecycle (from procurement of raw materials, to production, logistics, use, and disposal) and their potential impact on the global environment and ecosystem.

Low Energy Standby

Technology to reduce standby power (power that is consumed even when the operation of a product with a plug connected is stopped) to very close to zero.

LRQA

Short for "Lloyd's Register Quality Assurance Limited"
A certification organization which conducts examinations in the fields of quality, environment, safety and health, etc. LRQA confirms and provides validation and verification regarding greenhouse gas emissions.

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Membrane bioreactor

This is a type of activated sludge process to purify sewage and industrial wastewater. A filtration membrane is used to separate treated water from activated sludge.

Milestone

A milestone is a date or an event that must be observed as a target of progress in project management. Milestones are set to ensure the management of important and significant targets.

Nagoya Protocol

The protocol to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was adopted at the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP10) in Nagoya, Aichi in October 2010. The official name is the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity. The protocol provides measures to ensure proper implementation of the rules set out in the CBD.

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Nature conservation areas (in Japan)

Areas that remain almost unaffected by human activities, retain primitive nature, and maintain excellent natural environments. These areas were designated in accordance with the Nature Conservation Act and prefectural ordinances to ensure conservation of the natural environment and biodiversity.

N-hexane extracts

This is a generic term for non-volatile substances extracted by n-hexane (volatile liquids that are widely used in solvents.) N-hexane extracts are used as an index to represent the oil content (mg/L), etc. in water such as mineral oils and animal/vegetable oils and fats.

Proposition 65 (Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986)

This was enacted in 1986 in California to protect humans and drinking water sources from toxic chemical substances. The state government is required to publish a list of toxic substances at least once a year. Manufactures are required to label toxic substances on the list if they are contained in products.

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PRTR Law (Act on Confirmation, etc. of Release Amounts of Specific Chemical Substances in the Environment and Promotion of Improvements to the Management Thereof)

PRTR is short for "Pollutant Release and Transfer Register."
The PRTR Law (enforced in 1999 in Japan) aims to promote voluntary improvement of the management of chemical substances by business operators and to prevent any impediments to the preservation of the environment by taking measures for the confirmation of release amounts, etc. of specific chemical substances in the environment (PRTR) and measures for the provision of information concerning the properties and handling of specific chemical substances (SDS), etc.

REACH Regulation

REACH is short for "Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals."
This regulation on the registration, evaluation, authorization and restriction of chemicals in Europe (enforced in 2007) aims to protect human health and the environment.

Recycled pellet

Particles (measuring about 3-5 mm) of molten waste plastics to be used as raw materials

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RoHS Directive (directive on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment)

RoHS is short for "Restriction of Hazardous Substances."
This EU directive (enforced in 2006) prohibits the use of harmful substances contained in electrical and electronic equipment (lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyl (PBB), polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE)) in principle.

Scopes 1, 2, and 3

Scopes are standards for calculating and reporting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The three different scopes help minimize overlapping calculations and identify target gases.
Scope 1: Direct GHG emissions by business operators
Scope 2: Indirect GHG emissions resulting from use of electricity, heat, and steam supplied by other entities
Scope 3: Indirect GHG emissions other than Scopes 1 and 2 (emissions by other entities in connection with business operators' activities)

SDS

Short for "safety data sheet"
SDSs are documents which provide information about properties and the handling of chemical substances when transferring or supplying designated chemical substances and products containing these chemical substances to other business operators, in order to promote improvements in appropriate management of chemical substances by business operators.
As of June 2014, the Brother Group offers the information in 25 languages.

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Social media

A category of web services that enable interactive communication among users

Sound material-cycle society

A society where consumption of natural resources is reduced and environmental impact is minimized.
A sound material-cycle society can be achieved by taking the following steps:
Phase 1: Reducing products etc. that turn into waste
Phase 2: Reusing waste as resources as much as possible
Phase 3: Properly disposing of waste that cannot be used in any way

SS

Short for "suspended solids"
SSs are insoluble suspended solids in water. These solids are called suspended matter in JIS (Japanese Industrial Standards), and suspended solids in environmental and wastewater standards. SSs pass through 2 mm sieves but remain on 1 µm filtration media.

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SVHC

Short for "substances of very high concern"
SVHCs may seriously affect human health and the environment.

3PL

Short for "third party logistics"
Outsourcing services to plan most efficient logistics strategies, propose establishment of logistics systems, and undertake and implement comprehensive projects on behalf of consigners.

TSCA

Short for "Toxic Substances Control Act"
This US act (enforced in 1976) aims to regulate chemical substances and mixtures that present a substantial risk of injury to human health or the environment.

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Type I labels

Awarded by third party organizations to products that contribute to environmental conservation based on certain standards
Eco Mark and the Blue Angel are popularly known in Japan and Germany, respectively.

Type II labels

Self-declared by business operators regarding the environmental information of their products
Brother Industries, Ltd. created the Brother Green Label.

Type III labels

Awarded to products whose environmental information is disclosed quantitatively based on LCA (Life Cycle Assessment)
In Japan, EcoLeaf is managed and issued by the Japan Environmental Management Association for Industry.

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UFP

Short for "ultrafine particle"
UFPs are particles measuring 0.1 µm (1/1,000 of 0.1 mm) or less in diameter.

WEEE Directive

WEEE is short for "Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment."
This EU directive (enforced in 2003) imposes obligations on member countries, sales business operators, manufacturers, etc. for waste electrical and electronic equipment in design, sorted collection, and recycling.

Zero Waste Emission Activities

(a Brother term)

These are the Brother Group's waste reduction activities to help use resources effectively and prevent resource depletion. "5R activities" are ensured to curb waste generation, reduce emissions, and achieve "zero landfill waste" (meaning that less than1% of waste generated at factories is sent to landfill).